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The septic tank is an underground storage reservoir, either in brick and mortar form or  in durable polyurethane.  The function of the septic tank is to covert human-, household- and laundry-wastes into an environment-friendly liquid waste end-product.

Most septic tanks overflow, with the partially treated liquid  soaking away into what is more commonly known as a French drain.

If a septic tank system is properly constructed, maintained and serviced, it should give years of trouble-free operation.  However, if not maintained, it can rapidly pollute underground water and cause a serious health risk to humans, livestock, pets and the environment.
Once in the septic tank system, waste separates into three basic forms, where the sludge (solids) sinks to the bottom of the tank, and a liquid occupies the majority of the volume with a scum layer floating on the top.

All three these compositions contribute to the waste’s anaerobic decomposition, forming bacteria, which reduces  the solids and scum into a broken by-product that overflows into a French drain and sub-soil, depending on the cleaning solution. This includes detergents, soaps, acids or fat.

Owing to a build-up of solids and scum septic tanks are susceptible harmful bacteria, which  makes the system inoperative.

It is therefore imperative that the septic tank be pumped out at least every 24 months, even if the system operates effectively. This rids the system of any unwanted substances, while creating room in the tank for natural formation of break-down bacteria.